Heat Exchangers



We Manufacturing a Wide Varity of West Heat Recovery Boilers With Different Types of Construction and Higher Steam Generation.
Wide Range : 1,00,000 kcal/Hr to 20,00,000 kcal/Hr.

Description

Horizontal/Vertical Type Heat Exchanger.

Shell and tube heat exchangers consist of series of tubes. One set of these tubes contains the fluid that must be either heated or cooled. The second fluid runs over the tubes that are being heated or cooled so that it can either provide the heat or absorb the heat required. A set of tubes is called the tube bundle and can be made up of several types of tubes: plain, longitudinally finned, etc. Shell and tube heat exchangers are typically used for high-pressure applications (with pressures greater than 30 bar and temperatures greater than 260 °C).[2] This is because the shell and tube heat exchangers are robust due to their shape.
Several thermal design features must be considered when designing the tubes in the shell and tube heat exchangers: There can be many variations on the shell and tube design. Typically, the ends of each tube are connected to plenums (sometimes called water boxes) through holes in tubesheets. The tubes may be straight or bent in the shape of a U, called U-tubes.

Tube diameter: Using a small tube diameter makes the heat exchanger both economical and compact. However, it is more likely for the heat exchanger to foul up faster and the small size makes mechanical cleaning of the fouling difficult. To prevail over the fouling and cleaning problems, larger tube diameters can be used. Thus to determine the tube diameter, the available space, cost and fouling nature of the fluids must be considered.

  • Tube thickness: The thickness of the wall of the tubes is usually determined to ensure:
  • There is enough room for corrosion
  • That flow-induced vibration has resistance
  • Axial strength
  • Availability of spare parts
  • Hoop strength (to withstand internal tube pressure)
  • Buckling strength (to withstand overpressure in the shell)